Memoized Pull-Tabbing for Functional Logic Programming

by Michael Hanus, Finn Teegen

Proceedings of the 28th International Workshop on Functional and Constraint Logic Programming (WFLP 2020), Springer LNCS 12560, pp. 57-73, 2021

Pull-tabbing is an evaluation technique for functional logic programs which computes all non-deterministic results in a single graph structure. Pull-tab steps are local graph transformations to move non-deterministic choices towards the root of an expression. Pull-tabbing is independent of a search strategy so that different strategies (depth-first, breadth-first, parallel) can be used to extract the results of a computation. It has been used to compile functional logic languages into imperative or purely functional target languages. Pull-tab steps might duplicate choices in case of shared subexpressions. This could result in a dramatic increase of execution time compared to a backtracking implementation. In this paper we propose a refinement which avoids this efficiency problem while keeping all the good properties of pull-tabbing. We evaluate a first implementation of this improved technique in the Julia programming language.

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